FIBL: the new data about organic farming in the world and in Europe (IT)


The latest global data on organic farming worldwide were  presented by the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) and IFOAM – Organics International at the BIOFACH 2017 in Nuremberg. They indicate that the positive trend seen in the past years continues: consumer demand is increasing, reflected in the significant market growth of 11 percent in the United States, the world’s largest organic market. More farmers cultivate organically, more land is certified organic, and 179 countries report organic farming activities (up from 172).

In 2015, also organic producers grew to 2.4 million. India continues to be the country with their  highest number (585’200), followed by Ethiopia (203’602), and Mexico (200’039). A total of 50.9 million hectares were organically managed at the end of 2015, representing a growth of 6.5 million hectares over 2014, the largest growth ever recorded. Australia is the country with the largest organic agricultural area (22.7 million hectares), followed by Argentina (3.1 million hectares), and the United States of America (2 million hectares). Forty-five percent of the global organic agricultural land is in Oceania (22.8 million hectares), followed by Europe (25 percent; 12.7 million hectares), and Latin America (13 percent; 6.7 million hectares). 
Ten percent or more of the farmland is organic in eleven countries: those with the largest share of organic agricultural land on their total farmland are the Liechtenstein (30.2 percent), Austria (21.3 percent), and Sweden (16.9 percent). In eleven countries 10 percent or more of all agricultural land is organic.

The global organic market continues to grow worldwide: the market research company Organic Monitor estimates the global market for organic food to have reached 81.6 billion US dollars in 2015 (approximately 75 billion euros). The United States is the leading market with 35.9 billion euros, followed by Germany (8.6 billion euros), France (5.5 billion euros), and China (4.7 billion euros). In 2015, most of the major markets showed double-digit growth rates . The highest per capita spending was in Switzerland (262 Euros), while Denmark has the highest organic market share (8.4 percent of the total food market).

In Europe, the organic market continues as well its  growth: it increased by 13% in 2015, reaching nearly  30 billion euros (European Union: 27.1 billion Euros). Almost all the major markets enjoyed double-digit growth rates.  Germany is the largest organic market (with 8.6 billion euros, +11% on 2014), followed by France (5.5 billion euros, +15%), the UK (2.6 billion euros) and Italy (2.3 billion euros, +15%) (2015 data). The first figures available for 2016 show that the market continues to grow (Germany 2016: 9.5 billion euros). Globally, Germany is the second largest market after the U.S. (35.8 billion euros in 2015). Each year, European consumers are spending more for organic food – on average 36.4 euros in Europe and 53.7 in the European Union:  Switzerland is the country with the highest per capita spending on organic food worldwide (262 euros), followed by Denmark (191 euros) and Sweden (177 euros). European countries also have the highest organic market shares: Denmark has the lead with 8.4 %; in Switzerland, the organic market share is 7.7 % and in Luxembourg 7.5 %.  

Market continued to grow faster than organic farmland , even if  the organic farmland area grew at a faster rate than it had in past years: almost one million hectares , +8.2%.  At the end of 2015, 12.7 million hectares were under organic management in Europe (in the European Union, 11.2 million hectares), which means   2.5% and  6.2% respectively  of the total agricultural land. The countries with the largest organic farmland areas are Spain (1.97 million hectares), Italy (1.49 million hectares) and France (1.37 million hectares). In each of these three countries, the area of organic farmland increased by at least 100’000 hectares. Nine European countries report that at least 10 % of their farmland is organic and the highest organic shares worldwide are in Liechtenstein (30.2 %), Austria (21.3 %) and Sweden (16.9 %).

Finally, in Europe there were almost 350‘000 organic producers (European Union: 270‘000), 60‘000 organic processors and almost 3’700 organic importers. While growth in the number of organic producers was at 3 % (European Union: 5 %) and therefore comparably modest, the number of organic processors and importers increased by 12 % and 19 %, respectively.

Click HERE  to download “The World of Organic Agriculture, 2017 edition, infographics, online data tables and an interactive map.

Source: FIBL