Laimburg Center: a project onautochthonous seeds, important for organic farming (IT)


Conserving and reproducing the seeds of local wild plants and flowers: this is the aim of the working group coordinated by the Laimburg Experimentation Center and composed of researchers from the Center itself, and by colleagues from the Bioland association, Eurac and the Villa Ottone Provincial Museum of Traditions.

The project includes several phases: in the first phase it will focus on the fruit and viticulture sectors, with the aim of increasing biodiversity and the number of plants useful to humans. The parts where wild flowers grow next to crops are useful for further enhancing biodiversity. The second part of the project will focus on the development of crosses adapted to local climatic and territorial characteristics.

The project highlights the risk of using non-native plants: the proliferation of species that are not adapted to local environmental conditions and that sometimes even compete with local species, modifying  the ecosystem and threatening  native species. The consequences of this process may have negative influences on some organisms such as nectar picking or pollinating insects, which are instead adapted to the local flora. In countries like Germany, the use of indigenous plants is a deeply rooted tradition, aimed precisely at strengthening local biodiversity. There are two categories of wild plant seeds: the first is characterized by large-scale reproduction, the other can be isolated directly through field harvesting. The reproduction of individual species reproducing  in large quantities, such as some species of clover, are important for organic farmers and for green areas. The majority of seeds used in Alto-Adige/South Tyrol falls into this category.

Source: Provincia di Bolzano