"Important organic crops in the EU": an "Agence Bio” paper (IT)


Agence Bio, the French agency for the promotion and development of organic farming, has published an interesting paper allowing to locate the French organic production in its European context. In 2017, over 6.6 million hectares of arable land in the world were cultivated organically (with an increase of 8.4% compared to 2016, and 71.3% compared to 2012): almost 4.5 million hectares of cereals, 1.2 million hectares of oilseed crops and 952,000 hectares of protein crops and legumes.

The percentage of organic arable crops in the world was very modest in 2017: 0.6% for cereals, 0.5% for oilseed crops and 1.2% for protein crops and legumes. In 2017, China was the main producer of organic arable crops (with Italy in second place for cereals, protein crops and legumes, and India for oilseeds crops).

Worldwide, again in 2017, the share of arable land in conversion to organic was remarkable: almost 20% for cereals and the protein-leguminous crops and over 17% for oilseed crops. The “wheat group” (soft wheat, spelt and durum wheat) represented almost one third of the organically cultivated cereals in the world, and soybeans more than a third of the oilseed crops (there is no detailed information in Eurostat concerning protein crops and legumes). In 2018, the cereals crop in Western Europe was highly affected by climatic conditions, especially in France, Sweden, Finland and Germany. In a number of countries, despite an increase in surfaces, production has increased little due to low yields.

The lack of cereals in different countries and the high prices of organic cereals have led to significant conversions in the main cereal producing countries outside the European Union, especially in Ukraine and Kazakhstan. The organic cereals produced in these countries are mainly intended for export to Europe. On the other hand, the United States (with over 281,000 hectares planted with organic cereals in 2017), the world's first organic market, is increasingly importing organic cereals and soybeans because their needs, particularly for animal feed, are increasing faster than their cereal production.

The paper "Les grandes culture bio dans l'Eu" can be downloaded HERE

Source: Agence Bio


Fonte: Agence Bio