2018 EFSA report on pesticide residues in food (IT)

08/04/2020
News

EFSA has published its annual report on pesticide residues found in food in the European Union. The report is based on data from the official national control activities carried out by EU Member States, Iceland and Norway and includes both targeted and random sampling.

A total of 91,015 samples were analysed in 2018, 95.5% of which fell within legally permitted levels. For the subset of 11,679 samples analysed as part of the EU-coordinated control programme (random collection), 98.6% of samples were within legal limits.

The report gives a snapshot of the presence of pesticide residues in food in the EU and any possible risk to consumer health. It also provides risk managers with important information on which to base decisions regarding future control measures.

The national control programmes are risk-based, targeting products that are likely to contain pesticide residues or for which legal infringements have been identified in previous years. These programmes give important information to risk managers but – unlike the data from the EU coordinated programme – they do not provide a statistically representative picture of the levels of residues that one would expect to find in food on the shelves in shops across Europe.

As regards organic products, in 2018, 5,735 samples of organic food (excluding baby food) were analysed. Overall, 4,863 samples did not contain quantifiable residues (84.8% of the analysed samples vs. 86.3% in 2017); 794 samples contained quantified residues below or at the MRL level (13.8% vs. 12.2% in 2017) and 78 samples were reported with residue levels above their corresponding MRLs (1.4% vs. 1.5% in 2017), of which 0.5% (29 samples) were non-compliant in 2018. Compared to conventionally produced food (non-organic), the MRL exceedance and quantification rates were lower in organic food. In 2018, the MRL exceedance rate was 1.4% in organic food, while 4.8% for conventional food49.

This year EFSA has translated the results of the coordinated programme into browsable charts and graphs, to make the data more accessible to non-specialis

The 2018 European Union report on pesticide residues in food

Source: EFSA

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