biodiversity

Organic products, in March the European Commission strategy

The European Commission's action plan for the development of organic products will be presented in Brussels on 31 March (see the agenda of the College of Commissioners, 8 February), within the framework of the Biodiversity Strategy published by the European Commission, which envisages 25 % of agricultural land being used for organic farming by 2030.

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An Overview on Agroecology and Organic Agriculture Strategies for Sustainable Crop Production

Within the new “European Green Deal”, the European Commission defined crucial challenges for the agriculture of future decades, such as making food production more sustainable by considering the local pedo-climatic and socio-economic specificities.

Does organic farming reduce environmental impacts? - A meta-analysis of European research

Article published in the Journal of Environmental Management. Organic farming practices have been promoted as, inter alia, reducing the environmental impacts of agriculture. This meta-analysis systematically analyses published studies that compare environmental impacts of organic and conventional farming in Europe. The results show that organic farming practices generally have positive impacts on the environment per unit of area, but not necessarily per product unit.

The 2nd international conference on biodynamic research: call for contributions

The theme for the upcoming second international conference on biodynamic research, an event that will take place at the Royal Agricultural University of Cirencester (UK), from 30 August to 2 September 2021, is “Growing beyond Resilience”. Academic and farmer practitioner research into biodynamic and organic agriculture and food systems offers new ways to understand how we can create a transformative culture that works to address pressing challenges, such as climate change, biodiversity loss, soil infertility and human ill-health.

Inglese

IFOAM Organics Europe: a new organic action plan to reach 25% organic land in Europe by 2030

IFOAM Organics Europe has prepared a new document that lists the European organic movement’s key priorities to boost both organic demand and production through the European Action Plan for organic farming. In the organization view, a coherent combination of push and pull measures is necessary to reach the target of 25% organic land in the EU by 2030, as put forward in the EU’s Farm to Fork and Biodiversity strategies. The priorities are ten:

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Biodiversity for food and agriculture and ecosystem services – Thematic Study for The State of the World’s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture

The study provides an overview of the roles that the biodiversity found in and around food and agricultural production systems play in the supply of ecosystem services ranging from provisioning services, such as the supply of food, fuel and fibre, to cultural services, such as recreation and aesthetic enjoyment, and regulating services, such as pollination, carbon sequestration, pest control and nutrient cycling.

Agricultural diversification promotes multiple ecosystem services without compromising yield

The research is published in Science Advanced. Enhancing biodiversity in cropping systems is suggested to promote ecosystem services, thereby reducing dependency on agronomic inputs while maintaining high crop yields. We assess the impact of several diversification practices in cropping systems on above- and belowground biodiversity and ecosystem services by reviewing 98 meta-analyses and performing a second-order meta-analysis based on 5160 original studies comprising 41,946 comparisons between diversified and simplified practices.

Annual Wildflower Strips as a Tool for Enhancing Functional Biodiversity in Rye Fields in an Organic Cultivation System

The article is published in Agronomy, and it belongs to the Special Issue Successfully Managing Interdependent Agricultural Landscapes — Processes, Structures and Mechanisms Sustaining the Entire System. Ecological intensification of agriculture (e.g., with the use of wildflower strips) is being currently discussed as a mean for gaining high yields, preserving high biodiversity of farmland.

Hedgerows and flower strips increase natural pest control and pollination, but with some distinctions…

Hedgerows and flower strips are often planted among crops to boost beneficial insect populations, but there are few comprehensive studies that compare different types of floral plantings for their impacts on the services beneficial insects can provide like natural pest control and pollination.

Inglese

The effectiveness of flower strips and hedgerows on pest control, pollination services and crop yield: a quantitative synthesis

A quantitative synthesis published in Ecology Letters. Floral plantings are promoted to foster ecological intensification of agriculture through provisioning of ecosystem services. However, a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of different floral plantings, their characteristics and consequences for crop yield is lacking. Here we quantified the impacts of flower strips and hedgerows on pest control (18 studies) and pollination services (17 studies) in adjacent crops in North America, Europe and New Zealand.

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Abbonamento a biodiversity