climate change

Reducing Global Warming and Adapting to Climate Change: The Potential of Organic Agriculture

Climate change mitigation is urgent, and adaptation to climate change is crucial, particularly in agriculture, where food security is at stake. Agriculture, currently responsible for 20-30% of global greenhouse gas emissions (counting direct and indirect agricultural emissions), can however contribute to both climate change mitigation and adaptation. The main mitigation potential lies in the capacity of agricultural soils to sequester CO2 through building organic matter.

Energy inputs, outputs and greenhouse gas emissions in organic, integrated and conventional peach orchards

The study was published in “Ecological Indicators”. Energy analysis in peach orchards is useful to decide best management strategies. The objectives of this study were to evaluate (a) the energy flow among conventional, integrated and organic farming systems and (b)the effect of farming system to greenhouse gas-emissions. Sixteen farms (four conventional, nine integrated, three organic) at six locations in northern Greece were selected randomly during the years 2008 and 2009.

Global Nitrous Oxide (N2O) emissions: the benefits of organic farming

Nitrous Oxide (N2O) is an important greenhouse gas that is often overshadowed by the focus on Carbon Dioxide (CO2), but increasing concentrations of nitrous oxide over the past two centuries have also contributed significantly to climate change and ozone depletion. A recent study published in the journal Nature  (LINK) offers new methods to measure global sources and sinks of nitrous oxide, which include the often underestimated human causes of nitrous oxide emissions.

Inglese

Common ground: restoring land health for sustainable agriculture

The IUCN publication indicates that recent major international reports have highlighted the alarming impact of food production systems on climate change, land and biodiversity. This report shows that common ground between the agriculture and conservation sectors for mutually beneficial action exists, and that there is great potential for widespread adoption of sustainable agricultural practices that can meet our needs for food, feed, fibre, and energy.

'Organic Farming Research Foundation': organic for climate research priorities

As legislators continue to consider comprehensive climate legislation, OFRF is working closely with Congress and partner organizations to ensure the voices of organic farmers are heard on Capitol Hill. Organic agriculture has great potential to sequester carbon, mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, reduce the environmental impacts of fertilizers and pesticides, and build resilience to a changing climate in our farms, ranches, rural communities, and food systems.

Inglese

Exergoenvironmental-Life cycle cost analysis for conventional, low external input and organic systems of rice paddy production

Climate change, increasing energy demand, and fossil fuel constraints have led to many plights regarding sustainable food and agricultural production. The purpose of this paper is to assess of exergoenvironmental aspects across different paddy production systems, including conventional (CS), low external input (LEI), and organic systems (OS) in Iran. Also, life cycle cost (LCC) and the emissions costs have been considered as a novelty for these scenarios. Data were collected through interviews from 213 paddy producers.

The Carbon and Global Warming Potential Impacts of Organic Farming: Does It Have a Significant Role in an Energy Constrained World?

About 130 studies were analyzed to compare farm-level energy use and global warming potential (GWP) of organic and conventional production sectors. Cross cutting issues such as tillage, compost, soil carbon sequestration and energy offsets were also reviewed. Finally, we contrasted E and GWP data from the wider food system. We concluded that the evidence strongly favours organic farming with respect to whole-farm energy use and energy efficiency both on a per hectare and per farm product basis, with the possible exception of poultry and fruit sectors.

Introduction of Cardoon (Cynara cardunculus L.) in a Rainfed Rotation to Improve Soil Organic Carbon Stock in Marginal Lands

The production of a biomass as a feedstock for biorefinery is gaining attention in many agricultural areas. The adoption of biorefinery crops (i.e., perennial cardoon) can represent an interesting option for farmers and can contribute to increase soil organic carbon stock (SOCS). The study aimed to assess the potential effect on long-term SOCS change by the introduction of cardoon in a Mediterranean marginal area (Sassari, Italy).

Guidance for reducing loss of reactive nitrogen in organic farming systems

A new review, led by The Organic Center and published in the journal Organic Agriculture  highlights the benefits that organic farming has in reducing global nitrogen pollution, and details ways to maximize those benefits. The collaboration among The Organic Center, University of Virginia, the Louis Bolk Institute, and Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam focuses on the issue of nitrogen pollution, because it has led to a wide variety of environmental and human health problems, and is one of the drivers of climate change.

Inglese

Organic aquaculture: the "FutureEUAqua" project

Funded by the EU under Horizon 2020, the objective of the FutureEUAqua project is to effectively promote sustainable growth of environmentally friendly organic and conventional aquaculture of major fish species and of low-trophic level organisms resilient to climate change, with the aim of addressing future challenges related to the growing consumer demand for high quality, nutritious and responsibly produced food.

Inglese

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Abbonamento a climate change