soil management

Non-chemical soil fumigants: effective and affordable, especially for organic production

Toxic soil fumigants that fight soil-borne diseases and ensure crop production continue to be banned to protect the health and safety of rural communities. Organic farmers and conventional farmers who can no longer use these chemical tools need effective alternatives to protect their yields.

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Research: long-term organic management reduces soil-borne diseases and increases crop production

A recent study published in the journal "Biologia" adds to the growing body of evidence showing organic farming improves microbial conditions in the soil that, in turn, increases disease control and crop yield. This study compared microbiomes (the genetic makeup of all life including bacteria and fungi) in agricultural soil under ten years of organic management versus conventional management.

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Organic farming improves disease control by enhancing soil microbial communities with soil-building practices

Control of plant diseases is often accomplished with the use of harsh chemical sprays and soil fumigants in conventional farming systems, but a new study in PLOS ONE (it can be downloaded HERE) found that organic farming can improve crop health and provide the right kind of soil environment that reduces pathogen presence.

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Crop management system and carrot genotype affect endophyte composition and Alternaria dauci suppression (a long-term trial comparing organic and conventional management)

The research article is published in Plos One. Managing pests in carrot production is challenging. Endophytic microbes have been demonstrated to improve the health and productivity of many crops, but factors affecting endophyte dynamics in carrot is still not well understood. The goal of this study was to determine how crop management system and carrot genotype interact to affect the composition and potential of endophytes to mitigate disease caused by Alternaria dauci, an important carrot pathogen.

Organic management promotes natural pest control through altered plant resistance to insects: results of a study

Organic farming is known to increase natural pest control that helps organic farmers overcome reliance on chemical pest management. While the common perception is that natural pest control is largely boosted by practices that increase natural enemies to pests, a recent study in Nature Plants  explored a less common theory. This found that organic management also boosts the natural defenses of plants to prevent pest damage even when pests are abundant.

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'Organic Farming Research Foundation': organic for climate research priorities

As legislators continue to consider comprehensive climate legislation, OFRF is working closely with Congress and partner organizations to ensure the voices of organic farmers are heard on Capitol Hill. Organic agriculture has great potential to sequester carbon, mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, reduce the environmental impacts of fertilizers and pesticides, and build resilience to a changing climate in our farms, ranches, rural communities, and food systems.

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A study on biosolarization promoted by the Organic Farming Research Foundation

Soil solarization is an organic method that has been shown to control weeds, pathogens, and nematodes in areas with hot summer temperatures. Biosolarization, a relatively new technique, combines the use of soil solarization and organic soil amendments to enhance the results of solarization. While biosolarization has proven effective in a number of studies, its efficacy varies across study regions, cropping systems, and pathogen communities. In 2018, OFRF provided a grant to Dr.

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Organic techniques for better soil quality: a collection of good practices from the University of Maryland

A new study conducted by the University of Maryland in collaboration with The Organic Center — and supported by the GRO Organic research fund, Annie’s Homegrown of General Mills, and Patagonia — provides a big-picture understanding of the organic techniques that have the most impact on soil health. The working group reviewed more than 150 studies from around the world on the benefits of organic farming to soil health and climate change mitigation highlighing specific organic farming practices that are the best of the best in supporting healthy soils.

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Organic farming increases important soil fungal abundance and diversity

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are beneficial soil fungi that provide important services to plant and soil health by increasing nutrient cycling, and improving soil structure and fertility. Recently, AMF have gained a lot of attention as their benefits to crop production have become better known, and farmers want to know what kinds of practices can increase the abundance of AMF in their soils.

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Organic farming mitigates climate change

Long-term organically farmed soils emit 40 percent less greenhouse gases per hectare than conventionally farmed soils. The amount of emitted gas is also lower per ton of yield or - in the case of maize cultivation - equal. This is the result of a study carried out as part of the DOK long-term field experiment. The study was led by Dr Andreas Gattinger, a former FiBL researcher, who is now a professor at Giessen University. The results were recently published in the online edition of the scientific journal "Scientific Reports".

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Abbonamento a soil management